Benedict

(c. 480–c. 550)
   Saint and Order Founder.
   The brother of St Scholastica, Benedict was born in Nursia, Italy, and was educated in Rome. He became a hermit at Subiaco where he was joined by a group of disciples. In c. 525 he moved to Monte Cassino and it was there that he composed his famous Rule. This is the basis of all later Benedictine monasticism. It insists on stability of life, obedience and enthusiasm; the monks’ lives are dedicated to the recitation of the Divine Office, study and manual labour; all worldly goods are held in common and the Abbot has full authority over the community. Benedict’s form of monasticism spread throughout the Christian world and the Rule remains one of the most influential spiritual guides ever written.
   J. McCann (ed. and transl.), The Rule of St Benedict (1952);
   J. Chapman, St Benedict and the Sixth Century (1929);
   E.R. Elder (ed.), Benedictus: Studies in Honor of St Benedict of Nursia (1981).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

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