- (c. 480–c. 550)Saint and Order Founder.The brother of St Scholastica, Benedict was born in Nursia, Italy, and was educated in Rome. He became a hermit at Subiaco where he was joined by a group of disciples. In c. 525 he moved to Monte Cassino and it was there that he composed his famous Rule. This is the basis of all later Benedictine monasticism. It insists on stability of life, obedience and enthusiasm; the monks’ lives are dedicated to the recitation of the Divine Office, study and manual labour; all worldly goods are held in common and the Abbot has full authority over the community. Benedict’s form of monasticism spread throughout the Christian world and the Rule remains one of the most influential spiritual guides ever written.J. McCann (ed. and transl.), The Rule of St Benedict (1952);J. Chapman, St Benedict and the Sixth Century (1929);E.R. Elder (ed.), Benedictus: Studies in Honor of St Benedict of Nursia (1981).
Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Benedict — most commonly refers to Saint Benedict of Nursia, the founder of the Order of Saint Benedict and thereby of Western monasticism. It may also may refer to:Peopleaints*Benedict of Aniane *Benedict Biscop *Benedict the Bridge Builder, also known as… … Wikipedia
Benedict — ist der Name folgender Personen: Charles B. Benedict (1828–1901), amerikanischer Politiker Cleve Benedict (* 1935), amerikanischer Politiker Clint Benedict (1894–1976), kanadischer Eishockeyspieler Dirk Benedict (* 1945), amerikanischer… … Deutsch Wikipedia
BENEDICT° — BENEDICT°, name of 16 popes, several of whom had significant contacts with Jews. BENEDICT VIII (1012–1024) ordered the execution of a number of Roman Jews in 1020 or 1021, on a charge that they had mocked the cross and thereby caused an… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Benedict IX — Pope Benedict IX † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Benedict IX The nephew of his two immediate predecessors, Benedict IX was a man of very different character to either of them. He was a disgrace to the Chair of Peter. Regarding it as a… … Catholic encyclopedia
Benedict V — Pope Benedict V † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Benedict V Date of birth unknown; died 4 July, 965. Benedict V was elected pope (May, 964) in very critical circumstances. The powerful emperor, Otho I, had forcibly deposed the… … Catholic encyclopedia
Benedict — Benedict, NE U.S. village in Nebraska Population (2000): 278 Housing Units (2000): 102 Land area (2000): 0.189711 sq. miles (0.491349 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.189711 sq. miles (0.491349… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Benedict XI — Pope Benedict XI † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Benedict XI (Nicholas Boccasini) Born at Treviso, Italy, 1240; died at Perugia, 7 July, 1304. He entered the Dominican Order at the age of fourteen. After fourteen years of study, he … Catholic encyclopedia
BENEDICT (R.) — BENEDICT RUTH FULTON (1887 1948) L’ethnologue américaine Ruth Benedict ne vint, avec enthousiasme d’ailleurs, à la recherche anthropologique que vers la trentaine, déçue qu’elle était alors par les études de littérature anglaise qu’elle avait… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Benedict I — Pope Benedict I † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Benedict I Of the first Pontiff who bore the name of Benedict practically nothing is known. The date of his birth is unknown; he d. 30 July, 579. He was a Roman and the son of Boniface,… … Catholic encyclopedia
Benedict IV — Pope Benedict IV † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Benedict IV Date of birth unknown; died in the summer of 903. The Popes Benedict from the fourth to the ninth inclusive belong to the darkest period of papal history. The reigns of… … Catholic encyclopedia
Benedict VI — Pope Benedict VI † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Benedict VI Date of birth unknown; d. August, 974 (see Ricobaldi of Ferrara, Compil. Chron., in Rer. Ital. SS. IX). Benedict, Cardinal Deacon of St. Theodore, a Roman and the son of… … Catholic encyclopedia